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Famous People

 Engineering 

FULLER, Richard Buckminster (1895-1983) American architect and inventor who sought to solve practical problems with simple designs that require a minimum of materials and energy. The geodesic dome is his best-known invention.

 Philosophy & Epistemology 

BACHELARD, Gaston (1884-1962) French scientist, philosopher, literary theorist. BERTALANFFY, Ludwig Von General System Theory. BATESON, Gregory (1904-1980) American epistemologist of English origin. Founder of the famous "Palo-Alto School" in psychology, he invented the fundamental formulation of "double-bind" and demonstrated its importance in the genesis of schizophrenia. He also founded an "Ecosystemic Epistemology", in his books "Steps into an Ecology of Mind" and "Mind and Nature". Trained as an anthropologist, he studied ethology, cybernetics, etc., as an autodidact. CAPRA, Fritjof General System Theory.

 Exact Sciences 

BOHM, David American physicist. CHARON, Jean French physicist. VAN ALLEN, James Alfred (1914-) American physicist. A Geiger counter installed in the first U.S. satellite, Explorer 1, launched on January 31, 1958, gave the first evidence that the earth is surrounded by regions containing charged particles of high energy. These regions were then called the Van Allen radiation belts, after James A. Van Allen of the University of Iowa, who was head of the team of scientists that conducted the experiments. ZADEH, Lotfi A. (1921-) American mathematician. Pioneer of "Fuzzy Logic".

 Medical & Biological Sciences 

BURRIDGE, William American biologist. HOOTEN, Earnest A. American biologist. HERRICK, Judson C. American biologist. LABORIT, Henri (1914-1995) French biologist. LILLIE, Ralph American biologist. MEYERS, Russell American neurosurgeon. PEARL, Raymond American biologist. PRIBAM, Karl H. American biologist.

 Psychology & Social Sciences 

BANDLER, Richard American psychologist, co-founder of Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) with John Grinder. BATESON, Gregory (1904-1980) American psychologist. BLAKE, Robert R. American psychologist. BOIS, J. Samuel American psychologist. BONTRAGER, O. R. American psychologist. CHASE, Stuart (1888-1985) American economist whose work concerns the problems of a wealthy, technologically oriented society. GRINDER, John American linguist, co-founder of Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) with Richard Bandler. MALINOWSKI, Bronislaw (1884-1942) English anthropologist; born in Poland. He was the founder of "functionalism," the theory that cultures should be studied in terms of their particular internal dynamics. After studying (1914-18) Trobriand Islanders he did research in Africa and the Americas. His writings include Argonauts of the Western Pacific (1922), Crime and Custom in Savage Society (1926), and Magic, Science and Religion (1948). MASLOW, Abraham Harold (1908-70) American psychologist and leading exponent of humanistic psychology. Judging orthodox behaviorism and psychoanalysis to be too rigidly theoretical and concerned with illness, he developed a theory of motivation describing the process by which an individual progresses from basic needs such as food and sex to the highest needs of what he called self-actualization the fulfillment of one's greatest human potential. Humanistic psychotherapy, usually in the form of group therapy, seeks to help the individual progress through these stages. Maslow's writings include Toward a Psychology of Being (1962) and Farther Reaches of Human Nature (1971). MOUTON, Jane S. American psychologist. REED, Muriel American psychologist. WATZLAWICK, Paul American psychotherapist. Professor of psychopathology, in the National University in El Salvador, then clinic professor in the departement of psychiatry and behavioural sciences in the University of Stanford, he teaches as a consultant in many other universities. He is a research associate, since 1960, at the Mental Research Institute of Palo-Alto (MRI). WHYTE, Lancelot Law American psychologist.

 Writers 

ANDERSON, Poul Science-Fiction writer. BOVA, Ben Science-Fiction writer. DEL REY, Lester Science-Fiction writer. ECO, Umberto (1932-) Italian semiologist and novelist. HEINLEIN, Robert A. (1907-1988) Science-Fiction writer. VAN VOGT, Alfred E. (1912-1997) Science-Fiction writer and great populariser of General Semantics with his novels of the Non-A series. VIAN, Boris (1920-1959) French writer.
© ESGS, 2001.