ESGS Logical Fallacies

Subverted Support


An explanation is intended to explain why some phenomenon happens. The explanation is fallacious if the phenomenon does not actually happen of if there is no evidence that it does happen.


This fallacy is a combination of begging the question fallacy with a questionnable cause fallacy. Then phenomenon explained is presented as real when there is no support for that and the imagined 'cause' is supposed to explain it while various other possibilities can exist.


The reason why most bachelors are timid is that their mothers were domineering.
This attempts to explain why most bachelors are timid. However, it is not the case that most bachelors are timid.

John went to the store because he wanted to see Maria.
This is a fallacy if, in fact, John went to the library.

The reason why most people oppose the strike is that they are afraid of losing their jobs.
This attempts to explain why workers oppose the strike. But suppose they just voted to continue the strike, Then in fact, they don't oppose the strike. [This sounds made up, but it actually happened.]




Identify the phenomenon which is being explained. Show that there is no reason to believe that the phenomenon has actually occurred.

© ESGS, 2002.